APE Warp OS 32-in-1 + BASIC

Installation Guide for 1200XL

Step #1

Remove the cover from the computer by releasing the six screws on the bottom of the unit.

Step #2

Lift the top case slightly and press it back to reveal the two ribbon cables for the keyboard and LED assembly.

Press each of these connectors back to slide them off. Once the cables are disconnected, you can remove the top case completely.

Step #3

Once the top case is removed, you must remove SIX screws to free the main PCB from the bottom case. Three of these screws are in the front, three in the back.

Step #4

Once the main PCB is free, lift it, along with the RF shield out of the case by tilting the front of the PCB upwards.

The bottom half of the case has two parts that will require re-assembly later.

Step #5

Most 1200XL cases have rivets holding the two halves of the RF shield together. To remove these place the PCB/RF shield assembly on a table and press down on the top of each rivet with the handle of a small screwdriver.

Once you have popped out all the rivets the top shield should lift off without any resistance.

With the top half off, lift the PCB out of the bottom half and set the RF shield aside.


Step #6

Now that you have the main PCB out, you will need to remove the old parts from the board.

Locate the OS ROMs in the photo to the right. Remove these from their sockets.

Look carefully at the sockets that were holding the 1200XL OS ROM set.

On most 1200XLs, there are 24-pin sockets installed. You will need to desolder these sockets and replace them with the 28-pin sockets that were included in your kit. If your 1200XL already has 28-pin sockets installed, just skip the next paragraph.

After carefully replacing the sockets, put the old OS ROMs back into the sockets and test the computer. Note that with 28-pin sockets installed, you have to insert the 24-pin OS ROMs in the right-side of the socket, with two rows of pins showing to the left side of each chip.

If the computer works normally then the sockets are installed correctly. If you have any problems check your work and do not proceed to the next step until the unit is working again.

Once the 1200XL is working and the new sockets are installed, remove the OS ROMs and MMU. The MMU should already be socketed.

Place these chips in the anti-static container your upgrade was shipped in, if you ever want to restore your 1200XL to its factory configuration, you will need these parts.

Step #7

Look for W7-W13 just to the right of the cartridge port.

Desolder and remove W7, W8 and W9. Take the jumpers you removed and install them in positions W11, W12 and W13.

Step #8

Remove jumper W6. This jumper is located just to the right of the lower OS ROM socket. This jumper will not be re-used.

Step #9

Turn the PCB over and using a small length of wire, connect the top pad from the W6 location, the jumper you just removed, to pin 23 of the CPU.

With the PCB turned over, the CPU pad layout has pin 21 at the top-left. Count two pins over to find pin 23, as shown in the photograph.

Take the resistor included in your kit and solder one end to pin 20 of PIA. Solder the other end to pin 11 of PIA. Do this on the bottom of the PCB.

With the PCB turned over, PIA is located directly below the CPU, as shown in the photograph.

You can place a short piece of tape under the resistor to prevent any shorts, or place heat-shrink tubing over the resistor to insulate it.

Take another length of wire and connect one end to pin 11 of PIA, where you just connected the resistor, and the other end to pin 18 of the MMU socket.

Step #10

Examine the wiring kit for your upgrade. There are four wires, one red, two black and one white.

Cut off one of the black wires near the connector, it is not required for this installation. It does not matter which black wire you remove.

Solder the free end of the WHITE wire to the top pad of R59. This is located to the right of the keyboard connector, between two electrolytic capacitors.



Connect the RED wire to the top pad of R15. This is located slightly to the right and above the keyboard connector.

Connect the BLACK wire to the top pad of R123. This is located two positions to the left of where you just connected the red wire.

Step #11

Take the new MMU provided in your kit and place it in the socket that held the old MMU.

Take the BASIC EPROM provided and place it in the TOP OS-ROM socket, just below the cartridge port. This chip will appear to be missing one pin. This is normal.

Remove the Warp+ OS upgrade module from its package and insert the board into the LOWER OS ROM socket.

The photo on the right shows the correct orientation of the OS board in the Atari. Do not insert the board backwards or it will be damaged. Damaged boards will not be replaced.


If you encounter too much resistance inserting the board into the socket, check the alignment of the pins in the socket and make sure it is correct.

Press straight down on portion of the board over the OS ROM socket to insert it. Do not insert the board at an angle or one side at the time, as this will bend or break the gold pins.

Once the board is inserted, look underneath it to verify all the gold pins are in the socket. If any are hanging over the edges then remove the board and re-insert into the socket correctly.

Step #12

Once you have soldered the 3 required connections and installed the Warp OS module, you must plug the wiring header into the gold header on the OS Upgrade board.

Orient the connector so that the RED WIRE is on the side of the white asterisk (*) printed on the circuit board. The black wire(s) will be in the center, and the white wire on the right.

Attach the power and monitor connections to the Atari and turn it on.

The system should start normally (possibly with a dark-blue screen), and you should reach BASIC or SELF-TEST.

If the system does not function normally, check all connections.

Reassemble system and re-test. On some models you may have to omit the RF shield or cut a hole in it.

Using your upgrade

Hold SELECT down on the keyboard while powering up the Atari to reach the OS Selection Menu.

The descriptions you entered when building your OS will appear on screen. Simply select a new OS using the keyboard and the system will reboot using that OS.

Every time you power on the Atari it will use the OS you selected. To change the OS again, just hold down SELECT while turning on the computer.

You may also hold SELECT+OPTION down on the keyboard while powering up to reach the APE Remote Control software.